On Page SEO: What is It, Tips and Basic Terms

On-Page SEO is a vital part of digital marketing that directly influences your website’s visibility on search engines. 

In this article, you’ll grasp the core concepts of On-Page SEO, learn practical tips to optimize your website, and get familiar with basic terms essential for any beginner.


Importance of On-Page SEO

On-Page SEO is about optimizing individual web pages to rank higher in search engines. It includes optimizing the content, HTML tags, images, and URLs on the page. 

Your goal is to make the page more relevant to specific keywords and provide a good user experience, contributing significantly to the overall performance of your website in organic search results.

On-Page SEO content is crucial because it helps search engines understand your content and determine if it’s a relevant result for a user’s query.


Ensuring your web pages are effectively optimized is a key aspect of a comprehensive SEO strategy.

What are the main On-Page SEO activities?

Following these On-Page SEO best practices will help improve your website’s On Page SEO and potentially its ranking in search engine results.

  • Title Tags: The HTML elements that determine the title of a web page. They appear on search engine results pages (SERPs) as clickable headlines. Keep them under 60 characters. Include your target keyword at the beginning and make them specific to the page’s content.
  • Meta Descriptions: Short summaries of a webpage’s content that appear under the title tag in SERPs. Write a compelling 155-character summary of your page’s content. Include primary keywords and a call-to-action.
  • Header Tags: HTML elements (H1 to H6) used to designate headings and subheadings within your content. Use H1 for your main title and H2s for subsections. Include variations of your keywords and ensure they follow a logical structure.
  • URL Optimization: An on-page SEO strategy is to keep URLs short, use hyphens to separate words, and include a primary keyword.
  • Image Optimization: Involves compressing images for faster loading times and using descriptive file names and alt tags with relevant keywords, which helps in search engine indexing.
  • Internal Linking: The practice of linking to other pages on your website. Link to other relevant pages on your site with appropriate anchor text to help users navigate and distribute page authority.
  • Content Quality: Provide comprehensive, unique, and relevant content that satisfies user intent. Use keywords naturally and maintain readability.
  • Mobile Optimization: Involves designing your site to perform well on mobile devices. Ensure your site adapts to different screen sizes with responsive designs. Use Google’s mobile-friendly test tool to check.
  • Page Load Speed: The time it takes for a page to load completely; fast load times improve user experience and are favored by search engines. Optimize images, minify CSS and JavaScript, and leverage browser caching to speed up your site. Use tools like Google PageSpeed Insights for guidance.
  • Keyword Optimization: The process of researching, selecting, and strategically using relevant keywords in your content to improve visibility in search results. Research relevant keywords and include them in your title, headers, and throughout your content without overstuffing.

Tools for On-Page SEO

There are several tools designed to improve On-Page SEO, and they often serve different functions. For starters, you have comprehensive SEO platforms like Ahrefs and SEMrush. 


Google provides a suite of tools. Google Analytics is indispensable for tracking user behavior on your site, whereas Google Search Console helps you rank your site on Google.

Then there’s Yoast SEO, a popular WordPress plugin that guides you through the process of optimizing your content and provides feedback on your use of keywords, readability, and other elements.

Tips For Optimizing Your On-Page SEO

Knowing the best ways of on-page search engine optimization, there are various tips to take in order to take it even further.

  • Fresh Content: Update your site regularly with fresh content to keep search engines coming back to crawl your site more frequently.
  • Keyword Density: Ensure your keyword density is balanced – not too high to avoid spamming and not too low so that search engines can easily identify the topic of your content.
  • Synonyms and Related Keywords: Use synonyms and LSI (Latent Semantic Indexing) keywords to help search engines understand your content’s context better.
  • Structured Data Markup: Implement Schema.org structured data markup to help search engines understand and display your content in SERPs.
  • Engagement Metrics: Work on improving user engagement metrics like time on site and bounce rate, as these can indirectly affect your SEO.
  • Social Sharing Buttons: Include social sharing buttons to encourage users to share your content, which can increase traffic and visibility.
  • Regular Audits: Conduct regular SEO audits to identify and fix issues such as broken links, errors in structured data, and other technical SEO aspects.
  • Accessibility: Ensure your website is accessible to users with disabilities, which can also improve your site’s SEO.
  • Content Formatting: Use bullet points, lists, and short paragraphs to make content easier to read and more likely to be consumed by visitors.
  • Secure Sockets Layer (SSL): Switch your site to HTTPS to secure user data and potentially boost your site’s ranking signal.

Common Mistakes in On-Page SEO

SEO on-page optimization implies avoiding many bad habits like:

  • Neglecting Title Uniqueness: Each page should have a unique title. Avoid duplicating titles across pages. Customize each title to reflect the page’s specific content.
  • Overlooking Meta Descriptions: Some skip meta descriptions, but they are key for click-through rates. Write compelling meta descriptions for each page.
  • Using Only One Header: Not using H2s or H3s can make content less scannable. Use multiple headers to structure your content properly.
  • Forgetting Image Alt Text: Images without alt text are missed SEO opportunities. Always add descriptive alt text to images.
  • Ignoring User Experience (UX): SEO isn’t just about keywords. Poor UX can harm rankings. Ensure your site is easy to navigate and enjoyable to use.
  • Excessive Use of Keywords: Keyword stuffing can lead to penalties. Use keywords naturally and focus on readability.
  • Skipping Mobile-Friendly Design: Not optimizing for mobile can hurt your SEO. Make sure your site is responsive and mobile-friendly.
  • Slow Loading Speeds: If your site loads slowly, users will leave. Optimize image sizes, use caching, and consider a content delivery network (CDN).
  • Inconsistent Internal Links: Randomly linking pages without strategy doesn’t help SEO. Use internal links to guide users logically through your content.
  • Failing to Update Content: Outdated content drops in rankings. Regularly refresh your pages with current information.


On-Page SEO optimization is a foundational element of your overall SEO strategy. It encompasses optimizing various components of your website that affect your search engine rankings. 

From the way your site is structured to the individual keywords you choose for optimization, On-Page SEO is about making your site more visible and relevant to search engines.